& Animals Forum (formerly known as PSYETA) is pleased
to offer, for publication in organizations' newsletters, for
freestanding distribution, and for other uses, one-page summaries
of articles from Society & Animals (S&A)
and the Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science (JAAWS).
Society & Animals Forum Executive Director Ken Shapiro edits
S&A and co-edits JAAWS. Both journals are
aimed at revealing the truth about the human-animal relationship.
and JAAWS provide detailed, documented articles by scientists,
social scientists, and other scholars on a wide variety of animal-related
concerns. Society & Animals Forum selects the articles with
the broadest appeal and usefulness to animal advocates and activists
and summarizes the most important information from the articles.
We then make the Journal Digest , as we call our brief
summaries, available free of charge to our members and
others. Each Digest gives the title of the original
article, the article's author(s), the journal in which the original
article appeared, and the information provided in the article
that is most likely to be of use to animal organizations large
and small and to individual people working to end animal abuse
the articles in S&A and JAAWS, Journal Digests
are about issues Society & Animals Forum works on every
day and concerns beyond our organization's immediate priorities.
Factory farming, rattlesnake roundups, and relinquishment of
companion animals at shelters are among the problems addressed
in the 13 Journal Digests available at this time. As
we publish more issues of S&A and JAAWS, we
will prepare additional Journal Digests. Here is a list
of the current 13:
#1: "Behavioral Indices of Poor Welfare in Laboratory
Rats." E.G. Patterson-Kane, M. Hunt, and D. Harper. JAAWS,
2, 2, 1999. Rats living in conditions typical of many laboratories
develop into less intelligent and more anxious animals than
their counterparts outside of laboratories. Scientific results
are unreliable because phenomena under study such as intelligence
and emotional functioning are affected by those living conditions.
#2: "Dogmen: The Rationalization of Deviance." Craig
J. Forsyth and Rhonda D. Evans. S&A, 6, 3, 1998.
Only a small group of persons is prepared to undertake the mental
acrobatics necessary to force dogs to fight with other dogs,
so outlawing dog fighting and enforcing the prohibition is usually
the method of choice for ensuring that it will not take place.
#3: "Observations on Assistance Dog Training and Use."
Raymond Coppinger, Loma Coppinger, and Ellen Skillings. JAAWS,
1, 2, 1998. Proper training of prospective service dog handlers
and adapting equipment to suit the animals' tasks are recommended
to help ensure service dogs' wellbeing.
#4: "Personality Differences between Pro- and Anti-Vivisectionists."
John Broida, Leanne Tingley, Robert Kimball, and Joseph Miele.
S&A, 1, 2, 1993. A study of the connection between
personality and positions in the dispute regarding animal rights
indicates animal advocates are caring, sensitive, engaged, and
#5: "Physical Cruelty toward Animals in Massachusetts,
1975-1996." Arnold Arluke and Carter Luke. S&A, 5,
3, 1997. Conscientious collection of data on cruelty to animals
can help inform the public about destructive aspects of the
human-animal relationship, improve law enforcement officials'
responsiveness to complaints of cruelty to animals, and lead
to greater respect for animals and recognition of their legal
#6: "Rattlesnake Roundups: Uncontrolled Wildlife Exploitation
and the Rites of Spring." Joseph Franke. JAAWS, 3, 2,
2000. Rattlesnake roundups are extremely cruel events. Despite
their popularity in some small enclaves of American society,
in at least one instance an event that substituted humane, informative,
environmentally sound education and entertainment brought in
more people and money than the former snake-abusing event.
Housing for Feeder Pigs Offers a Welfare-Friendly Environment
Compared to a Nonbedded Confinement System." Donald C. Lay,
Jr., Mark F. Haussmann, and Mike J. Daniels. JAAWS, 3,
1, 2000. A type of pig housing that is less costly than today's
typical hog factory provides the animals with a significantly
higher level of wellbeing than does factory farming.
#8: "Loving Them
to Death: Blame-Displacing Strategies of Animal Shelter Workers
and Surrenderers." Stephanie S. Frommer and Arnold Arluke. S&A,
7, 1, 1999. Animal shelter workers and people who surrender
animals to shelters often share a concern for animals. Their
blaming each other for situations in which animals will be put
down creates obstacles to their working together to improve
#9: "Animal Abuse in Childhood and Later Support for
Interpersonal Violence in Families." Clifton P. Flynn. S&A,
7, 2, 1999. A survey relating attitudes toward violence within
families to early life experience with violence against animals
indicates those who abused animals are more likely to approve
of violence among family members.
Attitudes toward Animal Research: Some International Comparisons."
Linda Pifer, Kinya Shimizu, and Ralph Pifer. S&A,
2, 2, 1994. The authors conducted a survey of residents' attitudes
toward vivisection in the U.S., Canada, Japan, and 12 European
nations. The United States, with 42% opposed to animal research,
was close to Portugal and Greece, which had the lowest percentages
opposed -- 35 and 36%, respectively -- even though Portugal
and Greece are among the least industrialized European nations.
You Know Something, You Can't Not Know It': An Empirical Look
at Becoming Vegan." Barbara McDonald. S&A, 8, 1,
2000. An evaluation of vegans' answers to several questions
showed they had key experiences and traits in common--information
likely to be useful for spreading the word and understanding
one's own situation.
Toys as Enrichment for Captive Chimpanzees." Linda Brent and
Adam Stone. JAAWS, 1, 1, 1998. There are toys and then
there are toys: Providing one destructible object at a time
enriches chimpanzees' existences in laboratories more than providing
many at a time.
and Animal Factors Related to the Relinquishment of Dogs and
Cats in 12 Selected Animal Shelters in the United States." M.D.
Salman, John G. New, Jr., Janet M. Scarlett, Philip H. Kass,
Rebecca Ruch-Gallie, and Suzanne Hetts. JAAWS, 1, 3,
1998. Answers to questionnaires on reasons for relinquishing
dogs and cats to animal shelters provide clues for preventing
failures in human-animal relationships.
you find articles in the journals that you believe are appropriate
for summarizing in Nutshells, please let us know, firstname.lastname@example.org.
from Psychologists for the Ethical Treatment of Animals, P.O.
Box 1297, Washington Grove, MD 20880-1297; 301-963-4751
order Journal of Applied Animal Welfare Science or Society &
Animals, go to our secure online
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